Aggressive personality disorder
First, characteristics Aggressive personality disorder is a type of personality disorder with behavior and emotion as the main characteristics of impulse, also known as violent or impulsive personality disorder, usually also has the following characteristics.
1.Emotional irritability, impulse and driving force that cannot be controlled.
2.Personality often shows extended attack, recklessness and blindness.
3．Impulsive motivation can be conscious or unconscious.
4．Actions are capricious and can be planned or unplanned.
There is a strong sense of tension before the action. After the action, you experience a sense of happiness, contentment, or relaxation without real remorse, self-righteousness, or guilt.
5.Inadequate and immature psychological development often leads to psychological imbalances.
6.Prone to bad behavior and height of crime.
The above performance is an active attack type performance.
There is also a passive attack type, whose main characteristic is to express its strong attack possibility in a passive way.
These people are passive and obedient in appearance, but they are full of hostility and aggressiveness in their hearts.
For example, formal late arrival, deliberately not answering phone calls or letters, and deliberately dismantling the station to make the work impossible; stubbornly obsessed with surveys and not listening to transfers.
Delay time, secretly disrupt or obstruct.
Their hatred and attacks are very intense, but they dare not reveal them directly. Although they are full of grumbles, they rely on authority in their hearts.
Active offensive personality disorder is similar to the aforementioned antisocial personality disorder, but there are differences.
Generally speaking, active attacking personality presents a lot of persistent attacking words and deeds, lacks self-control ability, and is mainly manifested in the impulse to attack others. Antisocial personality mainly manifests resistance to others and society.It often ends in a defeat that is detrimental to one’s own interests and cannot draw lessons.
In short, the behavior of active aggressive personality is characterized by low self-control, while the antisocial personality is characterized by behaviors that do not conform to social norms.
Second, the reasons for the formation of offensive personality disorder are mainly the following aspects: 1.Physiological reasons.
A large number of animal experiments and clinical data show that the aggressive behavior has its physiological basis.
Some physiologists have suggested that delayed maturation of the cerebellum and blocked development of neural pathways that transmit pleasure will make it difficult to feel and experience happiness and safety, which may be a factor in the occurrence of aggressive behavior.
It has been reported that brainwaves are unusually common among violent offenders, especially the slow wave activity and normal phase spikes of glume leaves, which are 2% in the general population and 14% in patients with aggressive personality.
In addition, aggressive behavior is also related to excessive secretion of glands and androgens in the human body.
(1) Role identification and aggressiveness.
Adolescent boys think they have grown up, and they are particularly enthusiastic about their identity and one-sided understanding of manhood. They have become men’s resoluteness, boldness, devotion, strength, and good attack. Therefore, they will be in front of their peers.In particular, she showed offensive aggressiveness in the presence of the opposite sex to prove that Bai was already a man.
(2) Inferiority and compensation.
Everyone can have inferiority because of their own physical conditions, family background, living conditions, and the nature of work. People with inferiority often seek ways to compensate for inferiority.
When impulsiveness and combativeness are used as compensation, their behaviors show abrupt aggressiveness.
(3) Frustrated self-esteem.
Young men have a particularly strong self-esteem, and if they overcome setbacks, they tend to respond particularly sensitively and strongly.
Frustration is an important cause of aggressive behavior. The theory of “frustration attack” reminds us: Everyone in life will have more or less frustration, and everyone is aggressive; frustration accidents, the more likely to be aggressive behavior, even the use of violence.
Generally speaking, aggressiveness is linked to family education.
Children loved by their parents often have too strong personal consciousness, and it is easy to take counterattacks when they are restricted. In autocratic families, children are often beaten, their hearts are depressed, and once the long-lasting feelings of dissatisfaction break out, they often choose multipleIntense behavior to vent grievances.
Moreover, “grow melon, melon, bean”, the child then imitated the parents’ aggressive behavior.
Martial arts, murderous novels and movies make it easy for young people who lack analysis to generate imitation and identification.
In addition, the popular concept of “honest people suffer” also easily causes young people to have offensive behavior. Third, the treatment of aggressive personality disorders can be treated from the following aspects: 1.
Develop adolescents’ physical and psychological education, and change to be able to correctly understand themselves, and to understand their external changes and psychological changes.
Boys entering puberty can’t just stay on the recognition of certain external characteristics and external behaviors of their bodies, but also encourage them to often refute self-inquiry and independent reflection, improve themselves, devote their energy to study, and become successful.
2.Carry out various forms of amateur arts and sports activities, so that the intrinsic energy of adolescent boys can find a normal release channel.
In addition, cultivate a variety of hobbies and interests, transform sentiment to be cultivated, and grow up healthily.
3．Conduct in-depth and detailed psychological interviews to correct the setbacks.
There will be frustrations of one kind or another in life. We must face up to frustrations, sum up experience, find the cause of frustrations and cause analysis, instead of adopting aggressive behavior in the face of frustrations.
They can develop their tolerance through various means, and can take positive and constructive measures against setbacks.
(1) Cultivate the necessary culture.
Bigger things become smaller and smaller things become smaller; hearts are more important than one another; moderate tolerance for others and avoid aggressive behavior.
(2) Sublimation effect.
Even if frustrated, try to shift to higher needs and purposes, and transfer the energy of the attack to study and work.
After frustration, try to compensate with another goal that may succeed, causing collective and other people to recognize themselves, fully express their ability, and get psychological comfort.
(4) Positive expression and role.
“The power of role models is endless.” Try to let them learn good role models and guide them positively.
4．Systematic desensitization using behavioral therapy to help patients overcome behavioral impulses.
First of all, the governor needs to bring about a certain degree of contact and make the governor feel an impulse. Usually, this is to ask for the piece, so that the governor will feel his subjective interference with these situation events, that is, SUD.
The healer classifies each event by its SUD, which is called the impulse event hierarchy.
The treatment begins, first letting the client relax for three or five minutes.
The healer can use language cues to help the seeker relax.
For example, the healer can say, “You feel your body is getting heavier and heavier, and your muscles are getting easier and easier.
Your arms are getting easier, your shoulders are getting easier . you feel more and more relaxed all over your body.
You feel very comfortable, very happy and very relaxed.
“Then the ruler instructs the seeker:” When you feel very comfortable and relaxed, please raise the food instruction of your right hand.
“When the governor began to do this, the governor verbally instructed the governor to imagine the event with the least SUD level in the impulse event hierarchy, and let the governor verbally report the degree of SUD he experienced when the situation clearly appeared in his mind.
Then the governor instructed the governor to enter a relaxed state, repeating the previous process, so that the governor could imagine the event just now and report the degree of SUD.
This is repeated many times. If the SUD drop reported by the seeker to this impulse event drops to a few seconds and does not decrease any more, it can be considered that the impulse of the seeker for this event has disappeared.
The governor turns to the next event in the impulse event hierarchy until the seeker’s impulse to all events has basically disappeared.